Gender mainstreaming & development: A resource pack
Addressing gender mainstreaming receives renewed attention with the mandate of the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) framework adopted by the UN as post-2015 development agenda which consists of 17 Goals and 169 strategies for implementation. The SDGs as a package continue to address the unfinished agenda of the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs), as well as expand them to respond to new and emerging challenges through the convergence of multiple strategies. In particular, the goals emphasize the need to address multidimensional poverty, sustainable development, environment and global good governance and partnership to achieve these goals.
24 of the SDG targets relate to gender issues. Goal 5 is a stand-alone gender equality goal in consonance with reduction of poverty and inequalities, and focusing on sustainability, these targets provide an opportunity to bring the intersectional nature of gender to the fore. Several targets within each SDG overlap with targets in other Goals creating the need for synergetic policy and programmatic response to address complex problems of the world.
India as a country committed to the fulfilment of SD goals has a huge task of addressing sector-specific issues (poverty alleviation, rural development, education, health, etc) but also in making sure that rights, gender equality and justice are central to all the initiatives of the Government. The idea of gender mainstreaming has been on the agenda of the Government post the Beijing Conference, and NGOs, nevertheless, the entry points have been limited or gender-specific programmes (for example, with a focus on women’s empowerment or girl child education or maternal health) or financial quotas in sectoral programmes (for example, 30 per cent to be women beneficiaries). An analysis conducted by the National Institute of Public Finance and Policy reveals that Gender responsive budgeting (GRB) has not translated effectively into policies that impact women despite being a promising fiscal innovation to begin with.