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As the climate changes, the region will experience: rising sea levels; ocean acidification; changing rainfall patterns resulting in increased droughts and floods; and increased severity of disasters and extreme weather events. The impacts of climate change are likely to include: loss of lives; increased food insecurity; decreased ability to earn income and grow food; less arable land available; less access to clean water; and more disease and health problems, with overall negative impacts on economic and social development. People living in many Pacific island countries and territories (PICTS) are already experiencing some of these impacts...
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For PICTs, expanding and modernising their energy sector is vital since the limited availability of energy constrains human and economic development. Insufficient and unreliable power supplies can limit industrial production, while the lack of modern energy services can prevent the realisation of basic human needs, such as education, health, and communication. Furthermore, access to energy is not only a catalyst for development but it can also be a springboard for promoting gender equality and women’s empowerment. Without access to modern energy services, women and girls spend most of their day performing basic subsistence...
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Women’s economic empowerment is fundamentally about rights and equitable societies, yet women and their views, priorities and skills are often excluded from decision-making processes that shape development. Women in the Pacific region are more vulnerable than men to the impacts...
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The World Health Organisation notes that the effects of climate on human society, and our ability to mitigate and adapt to them, are mediated by social factors, including gender. Many health risks likely to be affected by ongoing climate change show gender differentials. Globally, disasters such as droughts, floods and storms kill far more women and children than men. Although sex and age disaggregated data on fatalities...
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Food insecurity and inadequate nutrition are key issues which threaten lives and well-being in Pacific Island countries and territories (PICTs), and changes in climate are likely to exacerbate existing vulnerabilities. The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) has acknowledged that climate change will seriously threaten food security across the world, as any changes to the global climate will impact on agriculture, and therefore the world’s food...
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Participants to the Beijing Conference included 189 governments, as well as representatives from 12 Pacific Island countries and territories (PICTs) – Cook Islands, Fiji, Federated States of Micronesia, Kiribati, Nauru, Palau, Papua New Guinea, Republic of Marshall Islands, Samoa, Tonga, Tuvalu, and Vanuatu. Pacific governments were actively engaged in the Beijing Women’s Conference. Prior to attending the Conference...
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Participating in economic activities allows women to effect positive changes in their own lives and their communities, with positive ripple effects for the whole nation. Historically, gendered norms, behaviours and social relations have played a big part in disadvantaging women economically. Institutions, systems and structures often restrict women’s economic opportunities, while gendered roles and status can limit women’s voices and choices when it comes to household and community decisions. Women often also have reduced access to education and skills, as well as other resources such as credit and land ...
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As a collection of small, isolated and low-lying island nations, the Pacific region is among the first to feel the effects of climate change – from extreme weather events to other forms of ecological damage such as rising sea levels and increased soil and water salinity. In fact, many Pacific Island countries and territories (PICTs) are already experiencing some of these impacts. Socially constructed gendered roles mean women are often more vulnerable to the impacts of extreme weather and ecological damage than men, while inequality limits their ability to adapt. They are often poorer than men and have limited or no access or rights to productive resources that could help them overcome this imbalance...
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Violence against women and girls (VAWG) in Pacific countries is among the highest in the world. Evidence shows that up to 68% of Pacific women are reported to be affected. Considering the accompanying health, social, economic, development and intergenerational consequences, few problems in the Pacific have a more lasting and large scale effect than violence against women and girls ...
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Increasing women’s participation in leadership and decision-making has proven to be good for economic and social development. Studies have found that longer exposure to women’s political representation increases women’s overall labour force participation, the share of public employment opportunities allocated to women and women’s increased access to public goods such as roads and health services.
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Bahasa Indonesia translation of the Executive Summary of UN Women's flagship report - 2011-2012 Progress of the World's Women: In Pursuit of Justice