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This research analyses Pakistan’s security protocols through a dual lens of gender and peacebuilding and aims to fill the knowledge gap to support the integration of gendered perspectives into the security policies of Pakistan. It triangulates the global Women Peace and Security (WPS) Agenda with the Preventing Violent Extremism (PVE) practice to undertake a comparative analysis of National Action Plans of three regional countries: Jordan, Indonesia, and Bangladesh.
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The research study analyses the gendered aspects of the ethnic and religious conflict in Pakistan that can potentially lead to a breakdown of social cohesion and stability. There was a focus on how women are affected by and implicated in situations of conflict and violence.
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The World Economic Forum says that at the current rate of change, it will take 108 years to close the overall gender gap and 202 years to bring parity in the workplace. India has one of the lowest female labour force participation rates in the world and a majority of women work in the informal sector.
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The “UN Women impact stories series”, updated quarterly, illustrates the human impact of UN Women’s work across Asia and the Pacific, highlighting the partnerships that make this work possible. These stories share how we and our many partners are striding forward to realize a better world for women and girls—one of equality and empowerment because that is what we do and who we are, as a leader, mobilizer, convenor, and provider of programmes.
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Child marriage takes away a girl’s right to safe and healthy childhood, quality and complete education that can lead to decent economic opportunities, and social and political empowerment. Pakistan has the 6th highest number of girls married before the age of 18 in the world. Child marriage is prevalent due to several reasons including deeply entrenched traditions and customs, poverty, lack of awareness and/or access to education, and lack of security.
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UN Women Pakistan, with Aurat Foundation as research partner, and in collaboration with key government and civil society partners, conducted a Women’s Safety Audit (WSA) in 5 cities across Pakistan, including Karachi, Dadu, Khairpur, Quetta and Rawalpindi, in order to better understand the status of women’s access to safe public spaces. Rigorous data analysis based on robust tools and methodology, collection of empirical evidence and comprehensive statistical examination was done to deduce findings of this important report in order to ensure the results are reached in a scientific manner and the recommendations are both pragmatic and effective.
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Women entrepreneurs have always faced multiple challenges—from lack of working capital to difficulties in coordination of their businesses due to their care and domestic responsibilities. These obstacles have only increased since the onset of the COVID-19 pandemic. 70% of women entrepreneurs reported being ineligible for credit under the recently launched Government of India’s AtmaNirbhar Bharat economic stimulus package.
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Child marriage takes away a girl’s right to safe and healthy childhood, quality and complete education that can lead to decent economic opportunities, and social and political empowerment. Pakistan has the 6th highest number of girls married before the age of 18 in the world. Child marriage is prevalent due to several reasons including deeply entrenched traditions and customs, poverty, lack of awareness and/or access to education, and lack of security.
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In 2010, UN Women and UN Global Compact Network developed the Women’s Empowerment Principles (WEPs). Forged through an international multi-stakeholder consultative process, the WEPs provide a “gender lens” through which business can analyse current initiatives, benchmarks and reporting practices. Informed by real-life business practices, the Principles help companies tailor existing policies and practices – or establish needed new ones – to realize women’s empowerment in the workplace, marketplace and communities.
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The Young Women in Pakistan: Status Report 2020 seeks to address gaps in the information available and current situation of young women in Pakistan with a focus on Women’s Economic Empowerment. The Report draws on the framework of economic empowerment that is a consequence of the enabling environment and young women’s individual agency i.e. the ability to make choices and decisions for one-self. The analysis of young women’s economic participation and empowerment is done along three components: Enabling environment that supports young women’s economic empowerment, security, and rights through laws and policies and their reinforcement through institutions.
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At the same time the world is witnessing changing future of work and women’s share in the gig economy is increasing. Reports indicate positive aspects of this growth, such as the financial independence women gain from entering this economy as well as enhancement in the sense of self-identity for those who participate in the economy through platforms that help them advertise and sell their goods and services. However, this area is also fraught with challenges for women. While the ease of doing business that comes from using digital platforms clearly facilitates women’s participation, it also renders them susceptible to sudden changes in employment opportunities or fluctuations in the economy.
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UN Women is working with national and provincial counterparts to strengthen rule of law institutions for enhancing women’s access to justice. Under the inception phase project “Strengthening the Rule of Law and Improving Access to Justice, FATA and Balochistan”, UN Women aims to analyse Rule of Law institutions and justice mechanisms from gender perspective, enhance institutional capacities and advocate for policy/legal reforms in Balochistan and FATA.
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The concept of women’s economic empowerment (WEE) combines “economic advancement” and “agency” (the power to make choices and decisions for one-self), which are in turn shaped by individual and community resources and by norms and institutions. In Pakistan social vulnerability juxtaposed with economic vulnerability keeps women underpaid and overworked, even when they overcome structural and social barriers to seek employment. The near invisibility of women in...
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In Volume II of this report, we present detailed analysis of four industries/sectors that are regarded as green or ‘close to green’. This includes an analysis of the horticulture and agro processing industry in Bangladesh; agro processing in Bhutan; renewable energy and organic horticulture in India; and ecotourism in Nepal. The focus in each study is to examine the pattern of women’s employment in the relevant sector using information gathered directly from the fi eld and from...
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The impact of opening up of trade opportunities has always been diff erent for diff erent groups of people, often exacerbating inequalities in the absence of counteractive measures and barriers. While inequalities exist in many forms – across the rich and the poor, the skilled and unskilled, the urban and the rural –the focus of this research is on the inequality between women and men. When we add to this mix of trade and gender, the aspect of sustainability in development or...
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The study was designed to provide evidence in informing UN Women’s programme, “Promoting Women’s Political Leadership and Governance in India and South Asia.” A major focus of the study is on domestic violence.
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Second in a series of Staying Alive reports, this report has collated information on the establishment of infrastructure under PWDVA, maps emerging – and sometimes ad-hoc – practices that have been adopted to cover up silences in the law.
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All SAARC countries have ratified the UN Convention on Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women, the key international human rights instrument on women's status. The Convention (CEDAW) recognises women's right to equal opportunities and life chances in the family, the community and within all countries that belong to the international community. When SAARC countries ratified the Convention they accepted binding obligations in international law to implement this Convention nationally. Though a particular government holding office at a particular time ratified the Convention, the Convention is an international treaty that binds the State and all successive governments. CEDAW has to be implemented through laws, policies...