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This research used a mixed methods approach with a strong focus on the qualitative to investigate the diverse perceptions and experiences among the Rohingya and host communities, addressing different dimensions of empowerment, motivations and catalysts that contributed to the perceptions, attitudes, behaviours, influencing factors, and parties that drive positive and negative change.
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Over recent decades, there has been an increased focus on women’s leadership in humanitarian and development contexts. Evidence highlights the important role of women’s leadership in bringing ‘invaluable contextual knowledge, skills, resources and experiences to emergency preparedness, response and resilience-building.’
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Bangladesh’s ready-made garment (RMG) sector is an important driver of economic growth.1 From an industry that generated a few million dollars in export earnings in the 1970s, it is now an industry of USD 30 billion (2017–2018)2 that accounts for 83 per cent of the country’s total export revenue. Women comprise the majority of the RMG workforce and it is clear that women workers have significantly contributed to the development of the RMG sector.
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UN Women and IOM in Cox’s Bazar partnered to conduct this research which presents a critical exploration of gendered social norms among the Rohingya community in Cox’s Bazar and concludes with key reflections and guiding questions for practitioners working in response interventions in Cox’s Bazar to improve programmes with respect to sensitivity surrounding social norms.
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This report presents research findings on gender and violent extremism in the Philippines, Bangladesh, and Indonesia. The aim of the research is to examine women’s roles in supporting, countering, and preventing violent extremism and how gender identities and relations may be used to garner support for intolerant social attitudes and groups as well as recruitment to violent extremist groups.
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Violent extremism has emerged as one of the leading challenges to the realization of sustainable peace globally. Across South and South-East Asia, violent extremism poses a direct threat to inclusive development by fuelling intolerance, forcibly displacing communities, exacerbating cycles of insecurity and armed conflict, exploiting existing inequalities, and obstructing the enjoyment of human rights and the rule of law. Underpinning this violence are gender stereotypes that are used to radicalize and recruit men and women, as well as girls and boys, to violent extremist groups.
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Trafficking is prevalent across the Greater Mekong subregion, yet the specific gendered experiences of those affected remain underexplored. Relatively little is known about the extent to which initiatives aimed at prevention, return and response and reintegration are gender-responsive. This report aims to fill these gaps. It brings together a wide-ranging literature and policy review and primary qualitative data to provide insights into how gender and trafficking intersect across Cambodia, Myanmar and Thailand. It identifies a range of gaps and challenges and identifies priorities for future policy and programming.
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Recognizing that female migrant workers face gender-specific challenges and barriers, this Country Overview provides recommendations for policymakers and implementers on how to ensure that these women secure better terms of employment. This report was produced as part of UN Women’s regional project on Empowerment of Women Migrant Workers in South Asia through Implementation of Standard Terms of Employment...
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This study, the first of its kind in the Asia-Pacific region, seeks to analyze how the varying criminal justice systems in Thailand and Viet Nam respond to reported cases of rape and sexual assault, and to identify the key institutional factors associated with the disposition of cases in these countries. In doing so, the study aims to understand where and how attrition of sexual violence cases occurs and identify strategic entry points for strengthening the administration of justice in this area. The research incorporated the mapping of the sexual violence legislation and legal processes in each country, a quantitative review of a minimum of 120 police and/or court case files ...
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The Asia-Pacific region has witnessed progress in ending the HIV epidemic, with a decrease in AIDS-related deaths, increased access to treatment, higher domestic financing, and notable improvements in addressing stigma and discrimination. Yet, challenges related to ending the HIV epidemic persist with respect to gender relations and inequalities. An adequate response to the gender dimension of the HIV epidemic requires public policies that include and prioritize women’s equality, and that...
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UN Women undertook the research to test if, along a spectrum of gender-aware design approaches, projects that adopt a more gender-transformative approach are also more cost-effective in achieving climate change adaptation outcomes. The focus of the study is not to provide conclusive evidence that gender transformative design is always more cost-effective but to explore how investing in gender aware programming affects the overall outcomes of climate change adaptation strategies. The analysis, undertaken in partnership with three climate change adaptation
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Domestic workers, the vast majority of whom are women and girls, make a critical contribution to societies and economies across the world. Still, domestic work is typically not regarded as work and is often excluded from full protection under labour legislation and social security provisions. It is usually carried out for private households, often without clear terms of employment, leaving...
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UN Women Bangladesh and ACDI/VOCA brought together 50 women leaders from around the south-west of Bangladesh to further understand the challenges and opportunities of rural women in severely climate-affected areas of the country. This report reflects the discussions and concerns of women leaders in resilience, disaster preparedness, and climate change, and gives key recommendations for development partners working in gender and climate change.
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In Volume II of this report, we present detailed analysis of four industries/sectors that are regarded as green or ‘close to green’. This includes an analysis of the horticulture and agro processing industry in Bangladesh; agro processing in Bhutan; renewable energy and organic horticulture in India; and ecotourism in Nepal. The focus in each study is to examine the pattern of women’s employment in the relevant sector using information gathered directly from the fi eld and from...
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The impact of opening up of trade opportunities has always been diff erent for diff erent groups of people, often exacerbating inequalities in the absence of counteractive measures and barriers. While inequalities exist in many forms – across the rich and the poor, the skilled and unskilled, the urban and the rural –the focus of this research is on the inequality between women and men. When we add to this mix of trade and gender, the aspect of sustainability in development or...
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The study was designed to provide evidence in informing UN Women’s programme, “Promoting Women’s Political Leadership and Governance in India and South Asia.” A major focus of the study is on domestic violence.