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Historically, gender norms, behaviours and social relations have played a big part in disadvantaging women economically. Institutions, systems and structures often restrict women’s economic opportunities, while gender roles and status can limit women’s voices and choices when it comes to household and community decisions. Participating in economic activities allows women to effect positive changes in their own lives, and communities, contributing to positive effects for the whole...
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This report provides a summary of the key findings and recommendations from the rapid safety and discrimination assessments carried out in 22 market locations across Fiji, Solomon Islands and Vanuatu. The assessments revealed challenges faced by women market vendors around their personal safety. Safe, accessible and inclusive work places are critical for women’s economic empowerment. The assessment results are meant to inform a range of Markets for Change (M4C) project stakeholders...
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This study set out to map, document and understand the relative vulnerability of municipal markets and their vendors, farmers and wider communities to climate change risks. The outcomes are practical measures and policy recommendations that can be implemented by UN Women’s Markets for Change project, municipalities and other relevant stakeholders to reduce this vulnerability and to prepare for disasters.
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A snapshot of UN Women’s Markets for Change project in Vanuatu delivered by the Fiji Multi-Country Office. Funded largely by the Australian Government, the project works with three major markets in Vanuatu, as well as five ring road markets in Shefa Province. The project also works in 12 other sites in Fiji and Vanuatu, to help ensure they are safe, inclusive and non-discriminatory. Markets are an essential source of income for many Vanuatu households and women make up the majority of...
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A snapshot of UN Women’s Markets for Change project delivered by the Fiji Multi-Country Office. Funded largely by the Australian Government, the project works with 20 market sites across Fiji Solomon Islands and Vanuatu to help ensure they are safe, inclusive and non-discriminatory. Markets are an essential source of income for many Pacific households and women make up the majority of market vendors; despite this women are not usually involved in the decision-making processes that shape...
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In Volume II of this report, we present detailed analysis of four industries/sectors that are regarded as green or ‘close to green’. This includes an analysis of the horticulture and agro processing industry in Bangladesh; agro processing in Bhutan; renewable energy and organic horticulture in India; and ecotourism in Nepal. The focus in each study is to examine the pattern of women’s employment in the relevant sector using information gathered directly from the fi eld and from...
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The impact of opening up of trade opportunities has always been diff erent for diff erent groups of people, often exacerbating inequalities in the absence of counteractive measures and barriers. While inequalities exist in many forms – across the rich and the poor, the skilled and unskilled, the urban and the rural –the focus of this research is on the inequality between women and men. When we add to this mix of trade and gender, the aspect of sustainability in development or...
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As a group of small and geographically dispersed countries far from international markets, economic growth across the Pacific region is often uneven. While the World Bank considers Nauru and Palau to be upper middle income countries, the United Nations classifies Kiribati, Solomon Islands, Vanuatu and Tuvalu as “least developed countries” based on their low incomes, economic vulnerability and weak human resources. Pacific populations are mainly rural and rely largely on subsistence activities: around 84% of women and 71% of men are involved in the subsistence or informal economies, work for family or are self-employed, and are therefore classed as vulnerable workers. Many of these activities fall outside the formal economy and are therefore not represented through more traditional economic measures such as gross domestic product...
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The Melanesian Markets Report consists of the Market Profiles in the 3 Melanesian Countries (Fiji, Solomon Islands, and Vanuatu). The report addresses the markets and culture, location of markets, size and density of markets, health and hygiene, wholesalong, wealth creation and market governance.