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The linkages between organized crime, including trafficking in persons, and violent extremism are a global concern. These linkages are starting to receive some attention, but this is limited to specific conflict contexts such as Iraq and Syria. In recognition of the link between violent extremism and trafficking in persons and the gendered nature of both, the UN Security Council adopted its first resolution on trafficking in persons in areas affected by armed conflict in 2016 (UNSCR 2331). But overall, there is little understanding of the relationship between violent extremism and trafficking in persons, or of how gender informs this interaction.
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Trafficking is prevalent across the Greater Mekong subregion, yet the specific gendered experiences of those affected remain underexplored. Relatively little is known about the extent to which initiatives aimed at prevention, return and response and reintegration are gender-responsive. This report aims to fill these gaps. It brings together a wide-ranging literature and policy review and primary qualitative data to provide insights into how gender and trafficking intersect across Cambodia, Myanmar and Thailand. It identifies a range of gaps and challenges and identifies priorities for future policy and programming.
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The Asia and the Pacific region is more vulnerable to disaster impacts than any other region in the world, and is home to multiple complex emergencies and protracted humanitarian crises. The vulnerabilities of marginalized people are often exacerbated in disasters, emergencies and crises. There is a growing literature that demonstrates that this is the case for people of diverse sexual orientation identity and expression, and sex characteristics (SOGIESC),with impacts during preparedness...
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GENDER ASSESSMENT OF VIET NAM’S HIV RESPONSE presents a situation analysis of the gender dimension of HIV epidemic in Viet Nam. It identifies opportunities, gaps and challenges in mainstreaming gender equality and empowerment of women in the national HIV response, and provides a set of recommendations for improved HIV policies and programmes...
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This is the sixth compilation of good practices on integrating gender into humanitarian action in Asia, developed on behalf of the Regional Network Working Group on Gender in Humanitarian Action in Asia-Pacific.Despite recent strides towards ensuring the safety and enjoyment of equal rights by LGBTIQ+ persons in the Asia-Pacific region, persistent and sizeable obstacles to inclusion remain, including harmful legal frameworks and religious, cultural, and societal stigmas which, when combined...
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The transgender (TG) community is one of the most marginalized social groups in India. Historically subjected to structural violence, the TG community continues to face widespread stigma and discrimination at the hands of their own families, society and even the state. Despite some recent progressive measures by the government, the community’s social mainstreaming and access to rights and entitlements remains shrouded in challenges. 'The Transgender Question in India: Policy and Budgetary...
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The primary purpose of this Guidance on Gender Responsive Budgeting (GRB) for the HIV response in Asia and the Pacific is to offer top management, national planners, and civil society organizations a resource on how to integrate gender equality into HIV policy and planning. The note is based on a paper prepared for UN Women on Applying GRB to the HIV Responses: A Case Study of Cambodia, Indonesia, and Thailand , and serves as a stand-alone framework for applying gender responsive budgeting to...
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The Asia-Pacific region has witnessed progress in ending the HIV epidemic, with a decrease in AIDS-related deaths, increased access to treatment, higher domestic financing, and notable improvements in addressing stigma and discrimination. Yet, challenges related to ending the HIV epidemic persist with respect to gender relations and inequalities. An adequate response to the gender dimension of the HIV epidemic requires public policies that include and prioritize women’s equality, and that...
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The brief looks at the relevance of Agenda 2030 to KAWGs in the region and outlines the ways in which KAWG can engage in and advocate for their rights in SDG localization processes. It is meant to be used for creating awareness about SDGs among grass root women’s organizations, particularly those led by and working for rights of KAWGs and provides guidance on how to engage in SDG localization processes at regional and country level...
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This paper highlights the unique discriminations and exclusions lesbians, bisexual women, transgender and intersex persons (LBTI) face across the region as well as the challenging issue that gender and sexual diversity remains based on the proceedings of the 2016 Regional Consultation on Promoting and Protecting the Rights of Lesbians, Bisexual women, Transgender and Despite changes in national legislations and policies, such as the abolition of a ban on same-sex marriages...
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Women and girls fear and experience various types of sexual violence in public spaces, from unwanted sexual remarks and touching to rape and femicide. It is a universal issue.
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An independent evaluation conducted by the UN Women South Asia sub-regional office in 2011, the report ‘Evaluation of UN Women support to PWN+ on HIV and AIDS focuses on UN Women’s assistance to PWN+, its invaluable technical support to this upcoming grassroots organization, and efforts to build the groundwork for a strong organization
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This brochure outlines the UN Trust Fund's work and funding for organizations around the world, showcases where money goes and what these funds can achieve.
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The aim of this resource is to improve availability, acceptability, accessibility and quality of HIV and sexual and reproductive health (SRH) services for women, men, girls, and boys, regardless of gender identity or sexual orientation, with the ultimate goal to improve HIV and SRH related health outcomes, including prevention of HIV infection and mortality, and reduction of other sexually transmitted infections, unwanted and unplanned pregnancy, and intimate partner violence.
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This baseline study of UN Women’s anti-trafficking programme recognizes structural inequalities, vulnerabilities and lack of sustainable livelihoods as the chief causes of human trafficking.
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The Annual Report documents UN Women’s work to foster women’s empowerment and gender equality around the world. It highlights some of the organization’s initiatives during the year and provides summary financial statements, a list of new programmes and projects, and contact information.
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Every year, representatives of Member States, UN entities, and NGOs in consultative status with the Economic and Social Council (ECOSOC) and other stakeholders gather for the annual session of the Commission on the Status of Women (CSW) at United Nations Headquarters in New York.
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The number of people living with HIV continues to steadily increase in China. In 2001, it was estimated that between 240,000-470,000 adults were living in HIV, and in 2009 the number more than double to 540,000 - 1,000,000. A similar trend applies to women in China. In 2001, 67,000-130,000 women were living with HIV, and in 2009 the number of women increase to 160,000-300,000.
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The study examines how safe the two city areas are for women and girls and explores the relationship between women’s fear of violence and their avoidance of specific public spaces.
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This guide introduces the key concepts of safe cities work and offers practical tools for how to begin building a safer, more inclusive city.