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This report presents the findings, lessons, conclusions, and recommendations of the Independent External Midterm Evaluation of the Pacific Partnership implemented between November 2020 and April 2021 by hera and Aid Works under the governance of an Evaluation Reference Group that included representatives of donors, partners and implementing civil society organisations (CSOs).
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A series of Family Health and Safety studies carried out in six Pacific countries found that more than 60% of women aged 15-49 in Fiji, Solomon Islands and Kiribati have experienced physical and/or sexual violence from an intimate partner; more than 60% of women in the same age group in Samoa and Tonga have experienced physical violence from a non-partner. Violence against girls is also a serious problem in the Pacific. In Vanuatu and Solomon Islands more than 30% of women reported they had been sexually abused before their 15th birthday. In Kiribati and Fiji the number was 20%.6 Gender-based violence brings with it a raft of consequences for the individuals involved, their families and communities, as well as at regional and national levels. It has a substantial economic impact through increased healthcare, social services, and policing costs..
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As a group of small and geographically dispersed countries far from international markets, economic growth across the Pacific region is often uneven. While the World Bank considers Nauru and Palau to be upper middle income countries, the United Nations classifies Kiribati, Solomon Islands, Vanuatu and Tuvalu as “least developed countries” based on their low incomes, economic vulnerability and weak human resources. Pacific populations are mainly rural and rely largely on subsistence activities: around 84% of women and 71% of men are involved in the subsistence or informal economies, work for family or are self-employed, and are therefore classed as vulnerable workers. Many of these activities fall outside the formal economy and are therefore not represented through more traditional economic measures such as gross domestic product...