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This study addressed this gap in the literature by analysing primary and secondary data from private, formal enterprises in the manufacturing, trade, and service sectors to understand the attributes of firms that influence the demand for women workers.
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Women entrepreneurs have always faced multiple challenges—from lack of working capital to difficulties in coordination of their businesses due to their care and domestic responsibilities. These obstacles have only increased since the onset of the COVID-19 pandemic. 70% of women entrepreneurs reported being ineligible for credit under the recently launched Government of India’s AtmaNirbhar Bharat economic stimulus package.
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In 2010, UN Women and UN Global Compact Network developed the Women’s Empowerment Principles (WEPs). Forged through an international multi-stakeholder consultative process, the WEPs provide a “gender lens” through which business can analyse current initiatives, benchmarks and reporting practices. Informed by real-life business practices, the Principles help companies tailor existing policies and practices – or establish needed new ones – to realize women’s empowerment in the workplace, marketplace and communities.
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Since 2014, UN Women has played a significant role in convening diverse stakeholders to respond to and localize the emerging and new global paradigms on women’s unpaid work, with a special focus on Goal 5 of the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). A loose alliance called the Collective on Women’s Unpaid Work was formed to support the development of a common roadmap for policy and action, which included the recognition, reduction and redistribution of women’s unpaid work...
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The study is the first of its kind in Sri Lanka to use a gender budgeting framework to examine government plan, policies and budgets and its impact on women with disabilities. In this study, 400 persons with disabilities covering 4 districts were surveyed on difficulties faced in entering and remaining in the labour force. Evidence shows that they encounter multiple barriers in access to economic opportunities and women with disabilities are twice as disadvantaged...
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Since 2014, UN Women has played a significant role in convening diverse stakeholders to respond to and localize the emerging and new global paradigms on women’s unpaid work, with a special focus on Goal 5 of the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). A loose alliance called the Collective on Women’s Unpaid Work was formed to support the development of a common roadmap for policy and action, which included the recognition, reduction and redistribution of women’s unpaid work...
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Agriculture is the principal source of livelihood for more than 58% of the population in India. Evidence from various nationally representative survey points to the fact that an overwhelming majority of women are involved in agriculture as cultivators and agricultural labourers across rural India. Despite women’s vital contribution to agriculture and other allied sectors in India, they lack control over productive assets such as land and livestock and in accessing technologies, irrigation...
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The transgender (TG) community is one of the most marginalized social groups in India. Historically subjected to structural violence, the TG community continues to face widespread stigma and discrimination at the hands of their own families, society and even the state. Despite some recent progressive measures by the government, the community’s social mainstreaming and access to rights and entitlements remains shrouded in challenges. 'The Transgender Question in India: Policy and Budgetary...
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An assessment of programmes and schemes for the empowerment of religious minorities in India reveals that Muslim women and girls remain largely invisible in the overall policy framework. 'People at the margins: Whose Budgets? Whose Rights? - Locating Muslim Women in Indian Policy', published by UN Women and Ford Foundation draws from a study of the Prime Minister’s New 15 Points Programme in the four states of Gujarat, Tamil Nadu, Uttar Pradesh and Odisha, to identify key gaps in policy...
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The marginalization of Dalit women is specifically compounded by the absence of quality education and supportive infrastructure. The Kasturba Gandhi Balika Vidyalaya Scheme (KGBVS) was launched to enable girls, predominantly from marginalized communities, to avail upper primary education through residential schooling. Data collected from 12 KGBVs in Aurangabad and Munger districts of Bihar reveal that aspirations of Dalit girls and their parents for quality education remain largely unfulfilled....
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UN Women commissioned BASIX--a new generation livelihood promotion institution--to carry out a gender analysis of banking sector policies, financial products and services in India. The project commenced in September 2012 and concluded in April 2013. Select banking sector policies were reviewed to identify barriers women face while accessing financial support and the appropriateness of financial products for women’s empowerment. Methods to draw gender responsive indicators for effective...
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A National Stakeholder Consultation titled ‘Towards Gender Transformative Rural Livelihoods: Strategies for Convergence’ was organized by the Ministry of Rural Development (MoRD), Government of India, in collaboration with UN Women, on 3 and 4 November, 2015. The consultation sought to apply a gender lens to the design, implementation and monitoring of rural development policies and programmes. The Consultation was a platform to showcase good practices surrounding women’s...
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UN Women entered into a partnership with ANANDI to strengthen gender perspectives in the National Rural Livelihoods Mission (NRLM) and to gear the NRLM towards gender equality and women’s empowerment.  Two State Rural Livelihood Missions of Madhya Pradesh (MPSRLM) and Bihar (JEEViKA BRLPS) were identified, and pilots were initiated under this program in select districts. ANANDI and UN Women believe that there exists a unique opportunity within NRLM to promote women’s...
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In Volume II of this report, we present detailed analysis of four industries/sectors that are regarded as green or ‘close to green’. This includes an analysis of the horticulture and agro processing industry in Bangladesh; agro processing in Bhutan; renewable energy and organic horticulture in India; and ecotourism in Nepal. The focus in each study is to examine the pattern of women’s employment in the relevant sector using information gathered directly from the fi eld and from...
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The impact of opening up of trade opportunities has always been diff erent for diff erent groups of people, often exacerbating inequalities in the absence of counteractive measures and barriers. While inequalities exist in many forms – across the rich and the poor, the skilled and unskilled, the urban and the rural –the focus of this research is on the inequality between women and men. When we add to this mix of trade and gender, the aspect of sustainability in development or...