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In partnership with Gobi Partners, the WEA regional team virtually held the Asia Gender-Smart Investing Forum on November 2-3.
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This document will focus on examining the impact of COVID-19 on ethnic minority groups in Viet Nam, especially ethnic minority women. It will also analyze the implementation efficiency of direct cash transfer and social protection policies for ethnic minority groups from a gender equality lens. The document will propose policy recommendations towards the development and implementation of supporting policies and programmes in emergency situations to ensure gender responsiveness.
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This paper is a review of gender mainstreaming principles and examples of interventions by countries and organisations in Asia and the Pacific region. It also includes tools and approaches to mainstream gender into climate change and disaster risk reduction policies.
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The 1995 Beijing Declaration and Platform for Action remains the most comprehensive and progressive blueprint for achieving gender equality to date. The 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development reinforces its ambitions, through advancing Sustainable Development Goal 5 on gender equality and the empowerment of all women and girls. The Asia-Pacific Ministerial Conference on the Beijing+25 Review was convened by ESCAP and UN Women in late 2019.
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At the same time the world is witnessing changing future of work and women’s share in the gig economy is increasing. Reports indicate positive aspects of this growth, such as the financial independence women gain from entering this economy as well as enhancement in the sense of self-identity for those who participate in the economy through platforms that help them advertise and sell their goods and services. However, this area is also fraught with challenges for women. While the ease of doing business that comes from using digital platforms clearly facilitates women’s participation, it also renders them susceptible to sudden changes in employment opportunities or fluctuations in the economy.
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The linkages between organized crime, including trafficking in persons, and violent extremism are a global concern. These linkages are starting to receive some attention, but this is limited to specific conflict contexts such as Iraq and Syria. In recognition of the link between violent extremism and trafficking in persons and the gendered nature of both, the UN Security Council adopted its first resolution on trafficking in persons in areas affected by armed conflict in 2016 (UNSCR 2331). But overall, there is little understanding of the relationship between violent extremism and trafficking in persons, or of how gender informs this interaction.
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They were developed on the basis of the IASC Policy Statement on Gender Equality in Humanitarian Action (November 2017)1, and in light of lessons learned from the Ebola and Zika outbreaks and emerging gender impacts of the COVID-19 pandemic. The goal is to mobilize inter-agency support within the Nepal Humanitarian Country Team in ensuring these principles are reflected in the emergency response activities in support of the Government of Nepal.
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This document aims to inform Sri Lanka’s national policy on the protection of rights of women migrant domestic workers. Guided by normative commitments and international standards on gender equality and migrant labour rights, the document captures the concerns of a diverse set of stakeholders, including government officials, civil society representatives, and the most marginalized women migrant domestic workers.
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As the formal justice system in Timor-Leste develops to meet the needs of the population, many disputes and conflicts continue to be resolved outside of the formal system, using alternative dispute resolution (ADR), such as customary justice, mediation or arbitration. The Ministry of Justice, recognizing the importance of ADR in accessing justice, is working on draft legislation related to informal justice processes and has received support from the Ministry of Justice in Japan. The Ministry...
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The Toolkit provides comprehensive guidance on ensuring the protection and promotion of the rights of women migrant workers throughout the labour migration cycle. The Toolkit includes a policy brief series that describes the process of establishing national, bilateral and regional policy protections. The Gender-responsive Guidance on Employment Contracts supports relevant stakeholders to ensure these policies and protections are reflected in employment contracts. The Gender-responsive Self-assessment Tool for Recruitment Agencies provides recruiters with information on how to protect and promote the rights of women migrant workers in practice, throughout the migration cycle....
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Safe and Fair: Realizing women migrant workers’ rights and opportunities in the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) region is part of the Spotlight Initiative to eliminate violence against women and girls, a global, multi-year initiative between the European Union (EU) and the United Nations (UN). Safe and Fair is implemented through a partnership between the ILO and UN Women (in collaboration with UNODC) with the overriding objective of ensuring that labour migration is safe...
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Women and girls inKachin State are bornto experience the natureof earth’s beauty,and to contributepeace, harmony and well-being in theirfamilies, communities, overall societyand the nation to shape the processfor sustainable development for all. OnJune 9, 2011, human-made armed conflictemerged in Kachin State, and hassince then resulted in extensive loss oflife, damage to infrastructures, destructionof livelihoods and protracted andcontinuous displacement of more...
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The importance of gender equality and women’s empowerment and leadership as a central element of humanitarian action, and across the humanitarian-peace-development nexus, has been recognized in international normative frameworks to which the Government of Myanmar is a signatory. These include the World Humanitarian Summit Agenda for Humanity and the Grand Bargain, the Sustainable Development Goals, the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms...
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A Pacific Regional Consultation on Prevention of Violence against Women and Girls - To advance the regional dialogue and action on primary prevention, UN Women convened a three-day consultation bringing together key stakeholders from the region to discuss current prevention programming practice, and hear from global practitioners and researchers working on violence prevention. Forty-two participants attended from across seven countries...
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The discussion paper “Unpaid Care and Domestic Work: Issues and Suggestions for Viet Nam” is developed specifically to help policymakers gain a better understanding of what unpaid care work is and how this affects women’s participation in the social and economic life; and recommend policy measures that would help recognize, reduce and redistribute unpaid care work...
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As Viet Nam is taking further steps to operationalize the gender equality principles set out in the State Budget Law 2015, this discussion is designed to help policymakers and relevant stakeholders understand the linkages between gender inequalities, tax laws, and tax policy options. Specifically, the paper examines the gender impact of tax laws and tax incentives in Viet Nam, including in relation to personal income taxes, corporate income taxes, consumption taxes such as the Value Added Tax,...
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The Asia Pacific Regional Symposium on National Action Plans for Women, Peace and Security gathered over 80 experts from 17 countries to consider the regional thematic and emerging priorities for NAPs-WPS and to evaluate how NAPs-WPS can benefit women affected by conflict. This Symposium Report concludes that effective NAPs-WPS are driven by strong leadership and must be accompanied by financing and localization strategies, and robust monitoring and evaluation systems. Most importantly, the development and effective implementation of NAPs-WPS must be inclusive and reflect civil society perspectives, especially women's groups, on women's peace and security...
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This paper, discussed at the Asia Pacific Regional Symposium on National Action Plans for Women, Peace and Security, presents the findings of a critical review of the nine Asia-Pacific WPS NAPs: Afghanistan, Australia, Indonesia, Japan, the Republic of Korea, Nepal, New Zealand, the Philippines and Timor-Leste. The review assesses the degree to which the needs, rights and well-being of women and girls in the region are central to these NAPs, as intended under resolution 1325.
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This paper, presented at the Asia-Pacific Regional Symposium on National Action Plans on Women Peace and Security, explores the gender and security challenges with respect to preventing violent extremism and promoting a culture of peace and tolerance, and responding to the causes and effects of mass displacement and climate change. These emerging issues are having a visible and growing impact on peace and security in the Asia-Pacific region, in particular on the achievement of women and...
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Preventing and responding to linked epidemics in Asia and the Pacific Region Gender-based violence affects men, women and transgender people – it is a grave abuse of human rights, a risk factor for HIV infection, and a consequence of stigma and discrimination against people living with HIV. Violence against women and girls in particular constitutes a global health challenge of epidemic proportions, and is one of the most pervasive and extreme manifestations of gender inequality....