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This evidence brief summarises the key findings from the South Tarawa Healthy Living Study: An Impact Evaluation of the Strengthening Peaceful Villages (SPV) Violence Prevention Intervention in Kiribati, which was carried out in early 2019, and aims to make the research findings freely available and accessible to audiences beyond the programme.
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Trafficking is prevalent across the Greater Mekong subregion, yet the specific gendered experiences of those affected remain underexplored. Relatively little is known about the extent to which initiatives aimed at prevention, return and response and reintegration are gender-responsive. This report aims to fill these gaps. It brings together a wide-ranging literature and policy review and primary qualitative data to provide insights into how gender and trafficking intersect across Cambodia, Myanmar and Thailand. It identifies a range of gaps and challenges and identifies priorities for future policy and programming.
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Now, nearly a decade later, the TRIANGLE in ASEAN programme (ILO) and Safe and Fair programme (ILO and UN Women) have conducted a similar survey of 4,099 nationals to track trends of attitudes in three of the above countries. One of the original four countries was changed, with the Republic of Korea replaced by Japan, given its emergence as an important destination country for low-skilled migrant workers in Asia. Certain questions from the first survey were repeated to allow for identification...
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A study on impact of protective policies for Myanmar Migrant Domestic Workers in Thailand and Singapore presented the situation of women migrating to Thailand and Singapore for domestic work in light of the ban, highlighting their realities and risks at each stage of migration. The study was undertaken to identify the national and international legal and policy frameworks relevant to the whole of migration cycle for both the Myanmar-Thailand and Myanmar-Singapore corridors. The report also...
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This study, the first of its kind in the Asia-Pacific region, seeks to analyze how the varying criminal justice systems in Thailand and Viet Nam respond to reported cases of rape and sexual assault, and to identify the key institutional factors associated with the disposition of cases in these countries. In doing so, the study aims to understand where and how attrition of sexual violence cases occurs and identify strategic entry points for strengthening the administration of justice in this area. The research incorporated the mapping of the sexual violence legislation and legal processes in each country, a quantitative review of a minimum of 120 police and/or court case files ...
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The Asia-Pacific region has witnessed progress in ending the HIV epidemic, with a decrease in AIDS-related deaths, increased access to treatment, higher domestic financing, and notable improvements in addressing stigma and discrimination. Yet, challenges related to ending the HIV epidemic persist with respect to gender relations and inequalities. An adequate response to the gender dimension of the HIV epidemic requires public policies that include and prioritize women’s equality, and that...
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This study set out to map, document and understand the relative vulnerability of municipal markets and their vendors, farmers and wider communities to climate change risks. The outcomes are practical measures and policy recommendations that can be implemented by UN Women’s Markets for Change project, municipalities and other relevant stakeholders to reduce this vulnerability and to prepare for disasters.
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Domestic workers, the vast majority of whom are women and girls, make a critical contribution to societies and economies across the world. Still, domestic work is typically not regarded as work and is often excluded from full protection under labour legislation and social security provisions. It is usually carried out for private households, often without clear terms of employment, leaving...
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It is hoped that the Gender Assessment of National Law-Making Mechanisms and Processes in selected Southeast Asian Countries: A CEDAW Perspective will serve Members of Parliament (MPs), legislators, parliamentary staff, women’s advocates and relevant stakeholders as a vital reference tool.
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This publication is intended to share an analytical framework for investigating plural legal systems from the gender perspective. It focuses on the broad spectrum of the legal orders, including those that are informal, not formally recognized, or not State sanctioned covering customary, indigenous, traditional and religious orders.
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This study concluded that the promotion of gender equality and women’s access to justice required not only the enactment of new laws that were compliant with international standards such as the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women (CEDAW) but that these laws should be implemented by a gender-sensitive administration of justice. This indeed is one of the State obligations under CEDAW which calls on states to “take all appropriate measures,...
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The aim of this study is to contribute to a better understanding of the political, economic and social dimensions and costs of migration and consequences on the family, community and society. The study analyzes the social outcomes of migration and identifies strategies in response to the issues of families left behind with further examination of the government policy framework on migration in Indonesia, Thailand and the Philippines to justify the deployment of hundreds of thousands of women and men to work abroad. The study also inquires about the effectiveness of government programmes in addressing issues related to migrants and migrant families. Lastly, the study looks into the following issues of displacement, adjustment and adaptation faced by individuals within the family in response to the problems brought about by the migration of a family member.
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UN Women has developed this publication to bring the key challenges faced by women migrant workers in the low wage sectors of the informal economy within the ASEAN. It is expected that the study will help key labour sending and receiving countries with the ASEAN in developing and implementing national and regional policies that will empower and legally protect women migrant workers.
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The main content of the research has been crystallized into four chapters in this report. Chapter 1 provides a broad overview of the socio-cultural context and the evolution of the political system in Bhutan. It highlights the current status of women’s participation in decision-making at both the national and local level, and explains why women’s participation is important. Chapter 2 covers objectives of the study and the methodology used. Chapter 3 presents the results of the research in the form of exhaustive data and the main survey findings, while chapter 4 extrapolates these findings to recommendations and conclusions...
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The report is based on a feasibility study of the current Market Infrastructure of the 10 Markets in Fiji.
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This handbook has been designed to assist Fiji local government, city councils, town councils and market authorities who are responsible for managing marketplaces, to improve their marketplaces. This handbook has been designed to especially capture issues which pertain to the needs and wellbeing of women market vendors, who make up the bulk of vendors across Fiji. The handbook is to be used in conjunction with a consultative process between market vendors and market authorities, to ensure a more positive and conducive environment for all is achieved.
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A detailed survey of market managerial staff at nine of Fiji’s thirteen municipal markets whereby approximately one hundred and fifty questions were designed regarding infrastructural and socioeconomic issues facing market workers. The nine surveyed markets were Sigatoka, Nausori, Rakiraki, Ba, Tavua, Lautoka, Nadi, Namaka, Labasa and the summary captured vary considerably in size, demographic characteristics, and the complexity of infrastructure and trade-related social networks.
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The report is based on the economic analysis of four markets (Suva, Nausori, Sigatoka and Labasa) in Fiji
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The Melanesian Markets Report consists of the Market Profiles in the 3 Melanesian Countries (Fiji, Solomon Islands, and Vanuatu). The report addresses the markets and culture, location of markets, size and density of markets, health and hygiene, wholesalong, wealth creation and market governance.
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The analysis is based on a survey of vendors in several markets located in the Solomon Islands (Honiara) and Papua New Guinea (Port Moresby and Kundiawa).The performance of markets in terms of employment and income/earnings generation, providing earnings for people who lack alternative employment (expressed as number of jobs created and associated earnings) and the return on capital employed within the market, ie profits after an allowance is made for a basic wage, providing funds that can be reinvested in business growth.