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This report on the proceedings of the global conference “Gender-inclusive peace processes: Strengthening women’s meaningful participation through constituency building” explores current challenges, best practices, and recommendations on how best to leverage the practice of constituency building to further gender-inclusive peace.
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This paper is a review of gender mainstreaming principles and examples of interventions by countries and organisations in Asia and the Pacific region. It also includes tools and approaches to mainstream gender into climate change and disaster risk reduction policies.
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The linkages between organized crime, including trafficking in persons, and violent extremism are a global concern. These linkages are starting to receive some attention, but this is limited to specific conflict contexts such as Iraq and Syria. In recognition of the link between violent extremism and trafficking in persons and the gendered nature of both, the UN Security Council adopted its first resolution on trafficking in persons in areas affected by armed conflict in 2016 (UNSCR 2331). But overall, there is little understanding of the relationship between violent extremism and trafficking in persons, or of how gender informs this interaction.
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[Key Advocacy Points from Asia and the Pacific] Emerging Gender Impacts - Exacerbated burdens of unpaid care work on women and girls : Where healthcare systems are stretched by efforts to contain outbreaks, care responsibilities are frequently “downloaded” onto women and girls, who usually bear responsibility for caring for ill family members and the elderly. The closure of schools further exacerbates the burden of unpaid care work on women and girls, who absorb the additional work.
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The Gender in Humanitarian Action training of trainers (ToT) workshop, which took place from 23 to 26 April 2019 in Yangon, Myanmar. It was designed to meet the demand for dedicated training on gender in humanitarian action (GiHA), enabling humanitarian practitioners to have an increased understanding of gender equality programming and its applicability in their respective areas of work. The GiHA ToT provided participants with a variety of practical and transferable tools on gender that aimed to strengthen their capacity to integrate gender equality programming in cluster, sectorwide humanitarian action, with a focus on implementing gender transformative approaches. The training was organized by UN Women in collaboration with the United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA) and the United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA) on behalf of the Inter-Cluster Coordination Group in Myanmar and with funding from UN Women.
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#Justiceforwomen and girls is at the heart of the 2030 Agenda, with its commitments to gender equality (SDG 5) and its promise of peaceful, just and inclusive societies (SDG 16). The High-level Group of Justice for Women worked to better understand common justice problems for women, make the case for investment and identify strategies that work. In their report they call to action justice leaders of all countries and sectors, to accelerate implementation of the global goals for gender equality...
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As the formal justice system in Timor-Leste develops to meet the needs of the population, many disputes and conflicts continue to be resolved outside of the formal system, using alternative dispute resolution (ADR), such as customary justice, mediation or arbitration. The Ministry of Justice, recognizing the importance of ADR in accessing justice, is working on draft legislation related to informal justice processes and has received support from the Ministry of Justice in Japan. The Ministry...
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The Asia and the Pacific region is more vulnerable to disaster impacts than any other region in the world, and is home to multiple complex emergencies and protracted humanitarian crises. The vulnerabilities of marginalized people are often exacerbated in disasters, emergencies and crises. There is a growing literature that demonstrates that this is the case for people of diverse sexual orientation identity and expression, and sex characteristics (SOGIESC),with impacts during preparedness...
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Women and girls inKachin State are bornto experience the natureof earth’s beauty,and to contributepeace, harmony and well-being in theirfamilies, communities, overall societyand the nation to shape the processfor sustainable development for all. OnJune 9, 2011, human-made armed conflictemerged in Kachin State, and hassince then resulted in extensive loss oflife, damage to infrastructures, destructionof livelihoods and protracted andcontinuous displacement of more...
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16 things you can do to help end violence against women and girls
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The importance of gender equality and women’s empowerment and leadership as a central element of humanitarian action, and across the humanitarian-peace-development nexus, has been recognized in international normative frameworks to which the Government of Myanmar is a signatory. These include the World Humanitarian Summit Agenda for Humanity and the Grand Bargain, the Sustainable Development Goals, the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms...
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Women are significantly under-represented in political and electoral processes everywhere in the world – be it as voters, candidates, elected representatives, or electoral administrators. The Election Commission Nepal, together with the United Nations Gender Theme Group (UN GTG) and the Sajha Abhiyan (Women's leaders' Coalition) organized on 20-21 April 2017 a national conference in response to the identified shortfalls in terms of women's participation and representation. The conference...
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Disasters in South Asia impact men and women in different ways. The mortality rates are unequal and the scale and nature of economic and social losses are not the same for women and men. To reduce disaster risk, it is therefore essential to include gender analysis and considerations in all disaster risk reduction (DRR) activities. The event was organized in close coordination with UNDP and Women Friendly Disaster Management Core Group in Nepal, with support from the Government of Denmark. The...
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A Pacific Regional Consultation on Prevention of Violence against Women and Girls - To advance the regional dialogue and action on primary prevention, UN Women convened a three-day consultation bringing together key stakeholders from the region to discuss current prevention programming practice, and hear from global practitioners and researchers working on violence prevention. Forty-two participants attended from across seven countries...
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The discussion paper “Unpaid Care and Domestic Work: Issues and Suggestions for Viet Nam” is developed specifically to help policymakers gain a better understanding of what unpaid care work is and how this affects women’s participation in the social and economic life; and recommend policy measures that would help recognize, reduce and redistribute unpaid care work...
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As Viet Nam is taking further steps to operationalize the gender equality principles set out in the State Budget Law 2015, this discussion is designed to help policymakers and relevant stakeholders understand the linkages between gender inequalities, tax laws, and tax policy options. Specifically, the paper examines the gender impact of tax laws and tax incentives in Viet Nam, including in relation to personal income taxes, corporate income taxes, consumption taxes such as the Value Added Tax,...
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The formulation and use of this publication requires close collaboration with other UN agencies, which have different leading roles in various priorities areas under the SDGs, as well as a wide range of partners, including governments and civil society representatives. Simultaneously, regional multi-stakeholder consultation is required to enhance strategic partnerships and ownership of the SDGs Baseline Publication as well as its policy recommendations among the Member States, civil society and...
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The Asia Pacific Regional Symposium on National Action Plans for Women, Peace and Security gathered over 80 experts from 17 countries to consider the regional thematic and emerging priorities for NAPs-WPS and to evaluate how NAPs-WPS can benefit women affected by conflict. This Symposium Report concludes that effective NAPs-WPS are driven by strong leadership and must be accompanied by financing and localization strategies, and robust monitoring and evaluation systems. Most importantly, the development and effective implementation of NAPs-WPS must be inclusive and reflect civil society perspectives, especially women's groups, on women's peace and security...
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This paper, discussed at the Asia Pacific Regional Symposium on National Action Plans for Women, Peace and Security, presents the findings of a critical review of the nine Asia-Pacific WPS NAPs: Afghanistan, Australia, Indonesia, Japan, the Republic of Korea, Nepal, New Zealand, the Philippines and Timor-Leste. The review assesses the degree to which the needs, rights and well-being of women and girls in the region are central to these NAPs, as intended under resolution 1325.
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This paper, presented at the Asia-Pacific Regional Symposium on National Action Plans on Women Peace and Security, explores the gender and security challenges with respect to preventing violent extremism and promoting a culture of peace and tolerance, and responding to the causes and effects of mass displacement and climate change. These emerging issues are having a visible and growing impact on peace and security in the Asia-Pacific region, in particular on the achievement of women and...