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This publication showcases the results of Rapid Gender Assessment surveys (RGAs) on the impact of the coronavirus disease (COVID-19) in seven countries in Asia and the Pacific. For some of these countries, this is the second round of RGAs and thus these findings may follow up those of “Unlocking the Lockdown”. The report is meant to be a statistical snapshot that could inform responses to the crisis but is not meant to provide policy recommendations or analyze the policy context in each country.
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In this edition: [*] Marginalised Communities are at the Forefront of Response and Recovery Efforts in Times of Crisis in Timor-Leste [*] Together for Equality photo glossary [*] The Unseen Strands: Looking at the State of Violence and Gender in Timor-Leste [*] The Generation Equality Forum (June 30 - July 2, 2021) and more...
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Achieving an Equal Future 2021 : International Women’s Day (IWD) is celebrated globally on 8 March every year. In 2021, with the theme of “Women in leadership: Achieving an equal future in a COVID-19 world,” IWD celebrates the tremendous efforts by women and girls across the globe and in Timor-Leste in shaping a more equal future and recovery from the COVID-19 pandemic.
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This report explores Timor-Leste’s tourism industry from a gender perspective, analysing the links between the global findings and the emerging tourism industry in Timor-Leste, as well as examining the local context and challenges. It makes recommendations to empower women in the areas of Representation and Leadership, Education and Training, Institutional Gender Mainstreaming, and Gender-responsive Policies and Environment within the industry.
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Timor-Leste’s recent history is full of stories of women who have made a significant contribution to building the nation. Women played various roles during the struggle for independence and participated in politics and state-building soon after independence.
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Following years of advocacy from the women’s movement on the problem of sexual harassment and violence against women in public spaces, UN Women conducted a safe cities scoping study with diverse partners in the capital Dili, with exploratory discussions for conducting a safety audit in 3 Dili sites and the Baucau central marketplace. The Study was conducted and validated between November 2017 and July 2018. The Scoping Study report provides an overview of key findings and recommendations,...
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As the world faces pushback on gender equality and women’s fundamental rights, in 2018 Timor-Leste achieved record numbers of women’s representation in the National Parliament (40 per cent). The private sector also made great strides to demonstrate its commitment to gender equality, with the Women’s Business Association establishing their Strategic Plan for the years ahead and companies such as Kmanek and Telkomcel adopting the Women’s Empowerment...
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Historically, gender norms, behaviours and social relations have played a big part in disadvantaging women economically. Institutions, systems and structures often restrict women’s economic opportunities, while gender roles and status can limit women’s voices and choices when it comes to household and community decisions. Participating in economic activities allows women to effect positive changes in their own lives, and communities, contributing to positive effects for the whole...
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This report provides a summary of the key findings and recommendations from the rapid safety and discrimination assessments carried out in 22 market locations across Fiji, Solomon Islands and Vanuatu. The assessments revealed challenges faced by women market vendors around their personal safety. Safe, accessible and inclusive work places are critical for women’s economic empowerment. The assessment results are meant to inform a range of Markets for Change (M4C) project stakeholders...
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1st Quarter 2017 | Highlights of UN Women Timor-Leste’s programming and progress related to gender equality and women’s empowerment in the country from January-March 2017.
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The Labour Force Survey (LFS), conducted in 2010 and 2013, collects the most complete set of information about the Timor-Leste labour market. As a nationally representative household survey, it classifies everyone aged 15 and above as employed, unemployed or outside the labour force. The LFS produced important gender-related data, which has been analysed and is presented in this report. This report provides a gender analysis of the 2013 LFS data, allowing examination of data against...
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This study set out to map, document and understand the relative vulnerability of municipal markets and their vendors, farmers and wider communities to climate change risks. The outcomes are practical measures and policy recommendations that can be implemented by UN Women’s Markets for Change project, municipalities and other relevant stakeholders to reduce this vulnerability and to prepare for disasters.
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A snapshot of UN Women’s Markets for Change project in the Solomon Islands delivered by the Fiji Multi-Country Office. Funded largely by the Australian Government, the project works with two major markets in Solomon Islands, as well as 18 others in Fiji and Vanuatu, to help ensure they are safe, inclusive and non-discriminatory. Markets are an essential source of income for many Solomon Islands households and women make up the majority of market vendors; despite this women are not usually...
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A snapshot of UN Women’s Markets for Change project delivered by the Fiji Multi-Country Office. Funded largely by the Australian Government, the project works with 20 market sites across Fiji Solomon Islands and Vanuatu to help ensure they are safe, inclusive and non-discriminatory. Markets are an essential source of income for many Pacific households and women make up the majority of market vendors; despite this women are not usually involved in the decision-making processes that shape...
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As a group of small and geographically dispersed countries far from international markets, economic growth across the Pacific region is often uneven. While the World Bank considers Nauru and Palau to be upper middle income countries, the United Nations classifies Kiribati, Solomon Islands, Vanuatu and Tuvalu as “least developed countries” based on their low incomes, economic vulnerability and weak human resources. Pacific populations are mainly rural and rely largely on subsistence activities: around 84% of women and 71% of men are involved in the subsistence or informal economies, work for family or are self-employed, and are therefore classed as vulnerable workers. Many of these activities fall outside the formal economy and are therefore not represented through more traditional economic measures such as gross domestic product...
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The government of Timor-Leste plans to develop Special Zones for Social Market Economy (ZEESM) in all districts to address social as well as economic objectives. The district of Oecusse was chosen as the location for the first ZEESM under the supervision of former Prime Minister Dr Mari Alkatiri, and a Technical Team was formed to conduct a situational analysis of the Oecusse Pilot of ZEESM-Timor-Leste .  To ensure that the social and economic objectives identified by ZEESM plans can be...
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With a population of 13.4 million, Cambodia is one of the most populous countries in Southeast Asia, and also one of the poorest. 80 per cent of the population is rural, and an estimated one-third of Cambodians still live below the poverty line. i After decades of civil war, the country emerged from conflict in the early 1990s, and the reconstruction phase has seen some economic growth, as well as improvements in overall...
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The Melanesian Markets Report consists of the Market Profiles in the 3 Melanesian Countries (Fiji, Solomon Islands, and Vanuatu). The report addresses the markets and culture, location of markets, size and density of markets, health and hygiene, wholesalong, wealth creation and market governance.
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The analysis is based on a survey of vendors in several markets located in the Solomon Islands (Honiara) and Papua New Guinea (Port Moresby and Kundiawa).The performance of markets in terms of employment and income/earnings generation, providing earnings for people who lack alternative employment (expressed as number of jobs created and associated earnings) and the return on capital employed within the market, ie profits after an allowance is made for a basic wage, providing funds that can be reinvested in business growth.