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The general seat MPs act as the electorate, but there is effectively no competition for the seats as party leaders nominate only as many candidates as there are available seats for each party. The reserved seat MPs, therefore, do not have a constituency as they are not directly elected by the people, and they are not considered by the voters as a representative of the women’s electorate. The female MPs of the reserved seats neither have a budget allocation to develop their own initiatives nor have little influence in governmental policy decisions. They have traditionally been treated as second-tier parliamentarians and been used as a ‘vote bank’ for the treasury benches. The current system of reserved seats without direct election has caused marginalization of women in the policy-making institution and has not benefitted women.
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The “UN Women impact stories series”, updated quarterly, illustrates the human impact of UN Women’s work across Asia and the Pacific, highlighting the partnerships that make this work possible. These stories share how we and our many partners are striding forward to realize a better world for women and girls—one of equality and empowerment because that is what we do and who we are, as a leader, mobilizer, convenor, and provider of programmes.
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Women and girls have been disproportionately affected by the COVID-19 pandemic’s social isolation and economic fallout. They face increased violence, unpaid care work, and other inequalities and violations of their rights.
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The Gender Alerts series highlights the disproportionate gender specific impacts of COVID-19 in Afghanistan, from the lack of services for survivors of violence to the challenges of building peace during a health crisis and a fast-paced rise in the burden of unpaid care work.
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From 2017-2018, with support from the Government of Japan, UN Women Timor-Leste has conducted a training on ‘Transformative Leadership for Gender Equality’, covering 48 hours of individual and group skills-building spread across a 12-month period. Through the initiative, 40 participants from Secretary of State for Equality and Inclusion (SEII), the National Police of Timor-Leste, and the National Women’s Network Rede Feto have gained knowledge...
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Gender equality lies at the core of human rights and is the bedrock from which sustainable development can be achieved. Women and girls represent 50 per cent of the world’s population, yet are often excluded from the political arena, and shut out of decision-making that directly affects their lives. Increasing women’s political participation and leadership are vital mechanisms that support women to realize their human rights. Increasing women’s participation...
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UN Women, the International Commission of Jurists (ICJ) and the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights (OHCHR) are jointly implementing a five-year programme, generously funded by the Government of Sweden, entitled Enhancing Access to Justice for Women in Asia and the Pacific: Bridging the gap between formal and informal systems through women’s empowerment. The project will be implemented at the regional level, with initially six countries of focus: Indonesia...
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This brief discusses how migration is mainstreamed into the Philippines development framework, particularly from a gender perspective. This requires mainstreaming migration and development (M&D) issues in every phase of the development planning cycle.
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Based on the research paper on Gender-Sensitive Remittances and Asset-Building in the Philippines, this policy brief aims to present a set of gender-sensitive policy recommendations and good practices for empowerment of Filipino women migrant workers with particular attention to the gender dimension of remittances and development in the Philippines.
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With a population of 13.4 million, Cambodia is one of the most populous countries in Southeast Asia, and also one of the poorest. 80 per cent of the population is rural, and an estimated one-third of Cambodians still live below the poverty line. i After decades of civil war, the country emerged from conflict in the early 1990s, and the reconstruction phase has seen some economic growth, as well as improvements in overall...
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East and Southeast Asia Programme Country Briefs (Cambodia)