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[Infographics] Women who migrate for work contribute greatly to stronger societies and economies in both their countries of origin and their countries of destination. For many, the decision to work abroad involves prioritizing their families’ welfare over their own personal comfort and desires. Women generally have fewer options than men for regular migration, and are often employed in lower paid, informal sectors with few, if any, labour protections.
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The COVID-19 pandemic lockdown combined with Cyclone Amphan and the severe monsoon flooding of 2020 destroyed the livelihoods of thousands of families and individuals. Many were forced to live in terrible conditions without food, income, and shelter. In response, UN Women launched a cash assistance project delivering cash grant support and COVID-19 prevention awareness campaigns to Bangladesh’s most vulnerable households.
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The infographic was based on a policy research “Leveraging Digitalization to cope with COVID-19: An Indonesia case study on women-owned micro and small businesses” by UN Women in partnership with Pulse Lab Jakarta and Gojek, with the support of National Council for Financial Inclusion of Indonesia (S-DNKI).
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Women are paid less than men globally, with the gender pay gap estimated at 16 percent. Women earn 77 cents for every dollar men earn for work of equal value – with an even wider gap for women with children. These discrepancies in pay have negative consequences for women and their families - a situation that is exacerbated during the COVID-19 pandemic.
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Having been the first region to face the impacts of the COVID-19 pandemic, markets and businesses in Asia-Pacific are now showing early signs of revival and leading the way towards a new economic reality. But until more progress is made, the positive developments in closing the gender gap could come under pressure. Despite a growing number of resources made available to develop women’s entrepreneurship, gender inequalities still exist. 
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[POLICY BRIEF - 3] Implementing Gender-Responsive Employment Contracts analyses current methods used to monitor the implementation of contracts and makes recommendations to strengthen accountability against the terms of employment contracts...
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[POLICY BRIEF - 2] Promoting the Rights of Women Migrant Workers through Employment Contracts identifies and compares existing contract provisions in the South Asia - Middle East corridor and summarizes strengths and gaps in protection in line with common right violations reported by women migrant workers themselves. It makes recommendations on addressing these gaps by creating enforceable rights-based, gender-responsive employment contracts...
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[POLICY BRIEF - 1] Implementing Gender-Responsive Employment Contracts analyses current methods used to monitor the implementation of contracts and makes recommendations to strengthen accountability against the terms of employment contracts...
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This three-part Policy Brief series identifies actions to develop and implement effective, rights-based and gender responsive protections for women workers migrating from South Asia to the Middle East. The policy briefs address three key stages during which protections for women migrant workers are developed, implemented, and monitored. Making International Labour Migration Governance Gender Responsive outlines the role of labour migration governance and policies in determining the living and...
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The Toolkit provides comprehensive guidance on ensuring the protection and promotion of the rights of women migrant workers throughout the labour migration cycle. The Toolkit includes a policy brief series that describes the process of establishing national, bilateral and regional policy protections. The Gender-responsive Guidance on Employment Contracts supports relevant stakeholders to ensure these policies and protections are reflected in employment contracts. The Gender-responsive Self-assessment Tool for Recruitment Agencies provides recruiters with information on how to protect and promote the rights of women migrant workers in practice, throughout the migration cycle....
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India is one of the largest countries of origin, transit and destination for international migrants. A majority of Indian migrants in the Emigration Check Required category go to the Gulf Cooperation Council countries. Over the years, there has been an increasing trend of feminization of migration in the country, with women now accounting for 49 per cent of all migrants from India. Within this framework, domestic work is the largest sector driving international female labour migration. Migrant...
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This set of infographics explains the current situations of migrant workers and the governance frameworks at national and regional level, providing actionable evidence-based policy recommendations to benefit from women’s labour mobility, provide fair and equitable migration opportunities for women, and enhance regional social and economic development...
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UN Women entered into a partnership with ANANDI to strengthen gender perspectives in the National Rural Livelihoods Mission (NRLM) and to gear the NRLM towards gender equality and women’s empowerment.  Two State Rural Livelihood Missions of Madhya Pradesh (MPSRLM) and Bihar (JEEViKA BRLPS) were identified, and pilots were initiated under this program in select districts. ANANDI and UN Women believe that there exists a unique opportunity within NRLM to promote women’s...
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The women of ASEAN already contribute significantly to the ASEAN economies. Yet many obstacles remain which must be removed to ensure their equal participation in and benefit from ASEAN economic growth and development. This was one of the main findings of the research report on the Projected Gender Impact of the ASEAN Economic Community, undertaken by the ASEAN Secretariat, UN Women and the German political foundation Friedrich-Ebert-Stiftung (FES) with the support of the Australian Government...
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As a group of small and geographically dispersed countries far from international markets, economic growth across the Pacific region is often uneven. While the World Bank considers Nauru and Palau to be upper middle income countries, the United Nations classifies Kiribati, Solomon Islands, Vanuatu and Tuvalu as “least developed countries” based on their low incomes, economic vulnerability and weak human resources. Pacific populations are mainly rural and rely largely on subsistence activities: around 84% of women and 71% of men are involved in the subsistence or informal economies, work for family or are self-employed, and are therefore classed as vulnerable workers. Many of these activities fall outside the formal economy and are therefore not represented through more traditional economic measures such as gross domestic product...