Ending Violence against Women and Girls - Pakistan

Photo credit: Samar Minallah

Definition of Violence against Women

The United Nation’s Declaration on the Elimination of Violence against Women (1993) defines Violence Against Women (VAW) under Article 1 as:

"Violence against Women" means any act of gender-based violence that results in, or is likely to result in, physical, sexual or psychological harm or suffering to women, including threats of such acts, coercion or arbitrary deprivation of liberty, whether occurring in public or in private life.”

Categories of Violence against Women and Girls

There are a number of different types of Violence against women and girls.

Article 2 of the 1993 United Nations Declaration states that:

“Violence against women shall be understood to encompass, but not be limited to the following:

  1. Physical, sexual and psychological violence occurring in the family, including battering, sexual abuse of female children in the household, dowry-related violence, marital rape, female genital mutilation and other traditional practices harmful to women, non-spousal violence and violence related to exploitation;
  2. Physical, sexual and psychological violence occurring within the general community, including rape, sexual abuse, sexual harassment and intimidation at work, in educational institutions and elsewhere, trafficking in women and forced prostitution;
  3. Physical, sexual and psychological violence perpetrated or condoned by the State, wherever it occurs.”

In Pakistan there are a number of prevalent types of violence faced by women and girls:

 Domestic Violence Forced Marriages  Child Abuse
(including Sexual Abuse) 
 Sexual Harassment  Sexual and Physical
 Honour Killings
 Deprivation of Rights
within Marriage
 Dowry Violence  Acid Crimes
 Human Trafficking  Child Marriages  Anti-Women Customary Practices
(including Swara, Vanni and
Bride Price)

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