UN Women Viet Nam

Photo: UN Women/Thao Hoang

After the end of a war that devastated the country, Viet Nam’s political and economic reforms that started in the mid-1980s contributed to impressive socio-economic progress. Viet Nam managed to reduce the poverty rate from 58.1% in 1993 to 9.6% in 2012 and the country transitioned to lower Middle-Income status in 2010. The Government has made significant progress in promoting gender equality also. In addition to gender equality guarantees in the Constitution, milestone legislations introduced include the Law of Gender Equality (2006) and the Law on Prevention and Control of Domestic Violence (2007).

  Wages and Equitable Growth in Viet Nam. Source: ILO

However, while women's labour force participation is one of the highest in the region at 73.2% (2013), women have limited access to formal employment and are disproportionately engaged in vulnerable employment (69% in 2012) that do not provide social security. Prevalence of domestic violence is high with three in five ever married women experiencing some form of violence in their lifetime by their intimate partner. The harmful practice of son preference is also resulting in a highly skewed sex ratio at birth (113 boys to 100 girls in 2013). These are a result of weak enforcement of the law and deep-rooted gender stereotypes and social norms that limit opportunities for women and girls.

UN Women is part of the UN “Delivering as One” initiative in Viet Nam and it leads UN’s advocacy to further promote gender equality by enhancing women’s economic empowerment, ending violence against women and girls and improving women’s access to justice, and making gender equality a key part of the national legal framework, policies and plans.

News and Updates

New teaching tool to help prevent violence in schools launched in Viet Nam

30 November 2016

Viet Nam’s secondary schools now have an innovative teaching tool aimed at stemming gender-based violence against students, an increasingly serious problem that UN Women is helping to solve in the country. The web-based toolkit, “Connect with Respect: Preventing Gender-based Violence in Schools,” was launched at a workshop in Hanoi today. More than 50 teachers and education managers and experts in Viet Nam learned how to use... more

Women refugees and migrants

22 September 2016

Today, around the world, people are on the move. They are migrating to escape poverty, improve their livelihood and opportunities, or escaping conflict and devastation in their own countries. Women represent almost half of the 244 million migrants and half of the 19.6 million refugees worldwide. The remittances sent by women migrant workers improve the livelihood and health of their families and strengthen economies. In 2015, international migrants sent USD 432.6 billion... more

Landmark report warns of widening gap between women and men

03 June 2016

A new report released today warns that unless the country improves women’s opportunities for decent work and takes steps to help reduce women’s roles in unpaid care and domestic work, then gender inequality will increase. Efforts to improve economic growth and reduce poverty in the past two decades have transformed Viet Nam from an agriculture-basedeconomy to... more

Women hold key to addressing disaster risks

16 May 2016

The vital role of women in reducing the risk of disasters is being highlighted in a regional conference that opened today in Ha Noi. Experts from 22 countries have gathered to call for urgent action to promote gender equality in disaster risk reduction programmes and policies, particularly in implementing the Sendai Framework for Action on... more

Taking stock of the 10-year progress on gender equality through CEDAW in Viet Nam

21 April 2016

10 years ago, the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women (CEDAW) was not widely known by the government and civil society. It was just something on the paper. Now, many civil society organizations understand and apply CEDAW in their work” said Ms Ngo Thi Thu Ha, Vice Director of Center for Education... more


The Change-Makers


Young people are the leaders and change makers for today and tomorrow – they have the opportunity to shape the world we want. A focus on young people is crucial for advancing gender equality, for preventing and eradicating violence against women, and create a world in which men and women live in healthy and respectful relationships with each other. To promote this goal, the Asia-Pacific UNiTE Campaign... more

Ha Noi Recommendations for Action on Gender and DRR


In response to these concerns, the Regional Asia-Pacific Conference on Gender and Disaster Risk Reduction was held between 16 and 18 May 2016, organized by UN Women and the Government of Viet Nam, in collaboration with UNISDR, UNDP, and other partners, with support from the Government of Japan. The conference brought together over 300 participants from Viet Nam and twenty-two countries across the Asia-Pacific region to identify actions to ensure implementation of the Sendai Framework in the... more

Making inclusive growth work for women


The study “Towards gender equality in Viet Nam: Making inclusive growth work for women” is an ambitious effort to look at Viet Nam’s economy through a gender lens. Drawing a comprehensive gender-disaggregated statistical picture of selected economic sectors, our analysis highlights the unequal distribution of productive resources across different groups of women and men, persisting... more

Women and Sustainable Development Goals - Viet Nam towards 2030


On 25 September 2015, the UN Member States adopted a roadmap to sustainable development by 2030. In the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development and the accompanying Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), gender equality and women’s empowerment is recognized as a vital means to help accelerate sustainable development through a key stand-alone ... more

At a Glance

Some basic facts and figures of UN Women work to promote Gender Equality and empower women and girls in Viet Nam... More

Making inclusive growth work for women
The study “Towards gender equality in Viet Nam: Making inclusive growth work for women” is an ambitious effort to look at Viet Nam’s economy through a gender lens. Drawing a comprehensive gender-disaggregated statistical... More ►
Featured Publication

Connect with Respect: Preventing gender-based violence in schools

Classroom Programme for Students in Early Secondary School (ages 11-14) designed to assist teachers to deliver education programmes in early secondary school. Download here

Planet 50–50 by 2030: Step It Up for Gender Equality