Timor-Leste (or East Timor) became an independent nation in 2002 after centuries of Portuguese colonial rule, followed by Indonesian occupation and devastating conflict which left most of the population displaced and 70 per cent of the infrastructure decimated. From disaster to transition, the country has just witnessed the third free and fair Presidential and Parliamentary elections and inaugurated the new government in August 2012.
Currently, the main challenges for women remain deep poverty, frequent cases of domestic violence and lack of recognition of women’s contribution tothe political, economic and social spheres. Political participation and economic empowerment are particularly crucial as the conflict left nearly half of Timorese women widowed and sole providers for their family. Sexual and gender-based violence (SGBV) and domestic violence are critical issues for women in post-conflict Timor-Leste. Domestic violence is the most reported case to the Vulnerable Persons Unit of the National Police, a unit set up with assistance from the UN specifically for vulnerable people including women, children and the elderly. Timorese women have described domestic violence as normal and sometimes, a daily occurrence.
The creation of the new constitution provided an opportunity for women's human rights, and a Gender and Constitution Working Group was set up with support from UN Women and its partners to ensure that women's rights were included in the new constitution. This resulted in guarantees of equality between women and men, and a declared state objective to promote and guarantee equal opportunities in the political and social sphere for all. A recent amendment to the electoral law states that 33% of the political parties' lists must be women candidates, resulting in 38% of seats in the National Parliament being women, the highest rate in the Asia Pacific region. The Ministers of Finance and Social Solidarity, 4 Vice-Ministers, namely Health, Education, Management, Support and Resources, and 4 Secretary of State positions are held by women. At the local level, there are currently 11 women village Chiefs (Chefes de Suco), 2 women sub-village Chiefs (Chefes de Aldeia), and 6 elders that function as traditional leaders (lian nain). Each village council is guaranteed 3 women representatives country-wide.
Other legislative measures have come into effect as well, such as the Law against Domestic Violence Law, passed in 2010 naming domestic violence a public crime, and the National Action Plan on Gender-based Violence, a strategy of prevention and provision of services for survivors of gender-based violence and domestic violence.
UN Women established a presence in Timor-Leste with an initial needs assessment in 2000, and opened a project office in 2001. Currently, UN Women works in the following areas:
- Gender-Responsive Planning and Budgeting
- Women in Politics
- CEDAW Implementation in Timor-Leste
- Women , Peace and Security
News and Updates
When I was kid, I didn’t think I would be in the military. It was difficult to imagine that since we were under Indonesian occupation. Initially I wanted to be a teacher or a lawyer. When we gained our independence, I decided to pursue a degree in civilian engineering. However, after my father passed away, I stopped my studies to help take care of the family... more
Our [company] culture gives equal opportunity to everyone, both men and women. 40 per cent of the managers are women in our company and they have made an outstanding contribution to the company. For instance, we have a colleague, Joana. She is a manager of our Enterprise and Whole Sales Department, and more than 50 per cent of revenue is coming from that Department. This shows us that women fit and have great achievements in high-level positions. I believe that women in Timor-Leste can... more
National Police of Timor-Leste (PNTL) demonstrated its commitment to promote gender equality within the institution by officially launching its Gender Strategy (2018-2022). This Strategy was the result of a long process of collaboration between PNTL and UN Women in Timor-Leste, under leadership of the Chief of the Gender Cabinet of the PNTL, with support from the Government of Japan... more
Today, UN Women in Timor-Leste signed a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) with Timor-Leste's Civil Service Commission (CSC) for advancing gender equality in public administration, including ensuring zero tolerance of sexual harassment and upholding equal opportunities for a stronger civil service. The President of the CSC, Dr. Faustino Cardoso Gomes, in his remarks, noted, "The mandate of CSC is to reform the public service. An important aspect of the reform is to... more
As part of the 16 Days of Activism to End Gender Based Violence in 2017, the United Nations Country Team in Timor-Leste endorsed 5-points committing to joint efforts toward eliminating violence against women and girls. These actions align with the UN's high standards of integrity and professionalism with respect for the dignity of all people. The commitment was signed by representatives of UN agencies present in Timor-Leste: UNFPA, UNICEF, UNDP, UNESCO, UN Women, FAO... more
This is a critical time for us to really focus on integrating gender aspects in the laws at the municipal level” said Laura Pina, founder of Fundação Pátria, on the second day of the debate on Local Power and Municipal Electoral Laws in Liquica, the municipality neighboring Timor-Leste’s capital of Dili. “Members of Parliament will analyze each article of those two laws and will make a proposal for the first time... more
On the 8th of June 2015, the General Directorate of Statistics (GDS), in association with the Government of Timor-Leste and the Ministry of Finance, with support from UNFPA and UN Women, launched the National Census rel="noopener noreferrer" of Population and Housing rel="noopener noreferrer" Timor-Leste Campaign... more
Two or three days ago, I was visiting our border (with Indonesia), and I saw three rel="noopener noreferrer" big structures standing rel="noopener noreferrer" there. One is a greenhouse that would serve as a treatment place for plants that would be imported... more