The Second National Action Plan for the Implementation of United Nations Security Council Resolution 1325 and 1820 Resolution on Women, Peace and Security (FY 2022/2023-2024/2025)
Nepal has set a strong example globally advancing the WPS agenda by adopting NAP I and NAP II and the former Ministry of Peace and Reconstruction and now, the Ministry of Home Affairs (MOHA) is the lead government entity to host women, peace and security agenda in Nepal. The first National Action Plan (NAP) (February 2011- February 2016) on UNSCRs 1325 and 1820 was adopted by the Government of Nepal in February 2011. The NAP I was considered successful, particularly in strengthening women’s participation and leadership in various sectors and gender-responsive policies in the post-conflict context. Despite major gains, there were some gaps in NAP I.
On 22 September 2022, the Government of Nepal endorsed the NAP II on WPS (UNSCRs 1325 and 1820) with a specific focus on victims-survivors of conflict-related sexual violence (September 2022- September 2025). The NAP II has concrete and immediate action to provide conflict-affected with a recognition that they are conflict victims with rights to reparation and justice from the state, along with dedicated support, services and resources that allow them to rebuild their lives with dignity. The NAP II has integrated priorities of survivors of sexual violence and individuals born of conflict-related rape with concrete and immediate action. This includes recognition as conflict victims, provisions for providing victims and their families with medical care and psychosocial support, access to justice, civil registration, economic opportunities, peace memorials and livelihood support. Seven UN Agencies - UNRCO, UNDP, UNFPA, IOM, UNODC, UNRCPD with UN Women as lead actively supported the government in the formulation of NAP II and strengthening the capacity of CSOs and victim groups.