UN Women Viet Nam
After the end of a war that devastated the country, Viet Nam’s political and economic reforms that started in the mid-1980s contributed to impressive socio-economic progress. Viet Nam managed to reduce the poverty rate from 58.1 per cent in 1993 to 9.6 per cent in 2012 and the country transitioned to lower Middle-Income status in 2010. The Government has made significant progress in promoting gender equality also. In addition to gender equality guarantees in the Constitution, milestone legislations introduced include the Law of Gender Equality (2006) and the Law on Prevention and Control of Domestic Violence (2007).
However, while women's labour force participation is one of the highest in the region at 73.2 per cent (2013), women have limited access to formal employment and are disproportionately engaged in vulnerable employment (69 per cent in 2012) that do not provide social security. Prevalence of domestic violence is high with three in five ever married women experiencing some form of violence in their lifetime by their intimate partner. The harmful practice of son preference is also resulting in a highly skewed sex ratio at birth (113 boys to 100 girls in 2013). These are a result of weak enforcement of the law and deep-rooted gender stereotypes and social norms that limit opportunities for women and girls.
UN Women is part of the UN “Delivering as One” initiative in Viet Nam and it leads UN’s advocacy to further promote gender equality by enhancing women’s economic empowerment, ending violence against women and girls and improving women’s access to justice, and making gender equality a key part of the national legal framework, policies and plans.
News and Updates
The Committee on Ethnic Minority Affairs (CEMA) and UN Women held a consultation workshop in support of Viet Nam’s review of the report on the 25-year implementation of the Beijing Platform for Action and invited ethnic minorities to share their perspective. The Beijing Platform for Action is one of the world’s most comprehensive documents on women’s rights and empowerment. The workshop was funded by Irish Aid Viet Nam.
The Green Economy, according to the United Nations Environment Programme, aims to improve human well-being and social equity, while significantly reducing environmental risks and ecological scarcities; it is low-carbon, resource-efficient and socially inclusive. Green economies have become the subject of serious discussion by governments, businesses and non-governmental organizations alike. Green economies encompass economic, social and environmental concerns in accordance with sustainable development principles.
The Ministry of Labour, Invalids and Social Affairs (MOLISA) with the support of UN Women have discussed and prepared for Viet Nam’s review report on the 25-year implementation of the Beijing Platform for Action (BPfA), one of the world’s most comprehensive documents on women’s rights and the empowerment of women. In 2020, the global community will mark the twenty-fifth anniversary of the Fourth World Conference on Women and adoption of BPfA, and five years of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development.
Twenty years ago, Hanoi was awarded the UNESCO City for Peace prize. As we celebrate International Women’s Day, now is a good time to look at what a peaceful city means today, in particular for women and girls, and at the many initiatives under way to ensure safety, inclusion and access for all. Last week, as Hanoi hosted a much-heralded summit between the United States and the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea (DPRK).
Over several years, UN Women has accompanied CSAGA in many women rights advocacy activities. In 2017, we decided to incorporate the prevention of sexual violence against women and girls as one of the main contents of the 16 Days campaign to end violence against women and girls, starting from International Day for the Elimination of Violence Against Women (25 th November) to International Human Rights Day (10 th December). A key activity in 2017 was the exhibition.
This study provides new insights into how women perceive the justice system in Viet Nam and how the victims are treated. When the very actors tasked with facilitating access to criminal justice instead “counsel” and pressure victims to settle cases out of court, or treat them without regard for their dignity or privacy, it should come as no surprise that many women eventually give up on a system which is often unresponsive to their needs. When the criminal justice system.
With financial support from the Government of Ireland, the Committee for Ethnic Minority Affairs and UN Women commissioned this report on “Figures on Ethnic Minority Women and Men in Viet Nam 2015”. The report presents statistics on ethnic minority women and men in 2015 by topic: (i) population; (ii) access to infrastructure and assets; (iii) employment and income; (iv) education and training; (v) social-cultural affairs; (vi) health and environment.
This study, the first of its kind in the Asia-Pacific region, seeks to analyze how the varying criminal justice systems in Thailand and Viet Nam respond to reported cases of rape and sexual assault, and to identify the key institutional factors associated with the disposition of cases in these countries. In doing so, the study aims to understand where and how attrition of sexual violence cases occurs and identify strategic entry points for strengthening the administration of justice in this area. The research incorporated the mapping of the sexual violence legislation and legal processes in each country, a quantitative review of a minimum of 120 police and/or court case files.